Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Impact of the French and Indian War on Colonial America

Nowitzky 1 Chris Nowitzky Professor Noyalas November 23,2011 U.S. History 121 The Impact of the French and Indian War on Colonial America The French and Indian war was fought between Great Britain and France from 1754 to 1763. Also known as the Seven Year’s War, this confrontation eventually erupted into an all out worldwide conflict. Its effects were not only immediate but long term. Although the colonies were not directly tied to the war, it greatly impacted them as well as modern America. The war was primarily fought along the colonies separating New France, from Virginia to Nova Scotia. France controlled the early part of the war, rounding up British forces. It wasn’t until 1757 that Britain truly threw all its resources†¦show more content†¦This enraged the colonist and made them rethink their political views. The Proclamation of 1763 also had a significant effect on the attitudes of the colonials towards the British. After the war and the Treaty of Paris, the Proclamation of 1763 was one of the first documents issued to govern the colonies. This proclamation simply stated that no further settlement beyond the Appalachian Mountains would be allowed. The colonists looked at the proclamation as putting an off limits sign on the Ohio River Valley which the whole war had started over. The Proclamation was actually misinterpreted by the colonist and Britain’s failure to clearly identify its intentions began the chain of events that led to the Ameri can Revolution. Each political step taken by the British after the French and Indian War drew Americans closer and closer to revolution. The British ideals slowly began to drift away from the American colonist’s ideals after the French and Indian War. The British had only one focus at the time and that was making money. All that King George III wanted from the colonies was pure profit to Britain. The colonies wanted all the freedoms and rights as they had in Britain and it was Nowitzky 4 felt that that wasn’t the best way to make money. Americans believed in liberty, peace, freedom, love and gratitude. They felt like they were supporting enough revenue back to Britain and that they should be given moreShow MoreRelatedImpact Of The French And Indian War On The British Government941 Words   |  4 PagesIV.The Impact on the British The impact of the French and Indian War on the British government was a positive move toward the dominance of Europe after the defeat of the French in terms of the colonization of North America. During this time, the British had incurred a massive military debt, which had to be paid over the long-term. To ensure that the British government did not take full responsibility for the debt, the British colonists were expected to pay back the debt burden through extremelyRead MoreThe French and Indian Wars Impact on America Essay examples1198 Words   |  5 PagesThe French and Indian Wars Impact on America At the peak of Britains prominence, it was said that the sun never sets on the British Empire. Many were enthralled under its wing of mighty protection and dare a country stand up to Britain and face the consequences. In 1755 the last of the great conflicts between the Britain and France broke out. Although initially proving its superiority, one of the main facets of the British Empire headed for a major transformation. So that is why I say theRead MoreThe Origins and Patterns of Development for the New World Essay example1096 Words   |  5 Pagesexchange of commodities across both sides of the Atlantic. These two things, imperial competition and transatlantic trade, influenced the origins and patterns of development of North American societies in the colonial period. Trade affected the birth and development of the British colonies in America. In the case of the first colony, Virginia, trade was at the heart of its survival. When Virginia was first settled, it resulted in several failures. The first colony there, Roanoke, disappeared, after whichRead MoreThe Causes And Effect Of The French And Indian War1146 Words   |  5 Pages 7 Years of War â€Å"French and Indian war† What were the causes and effect of the war? Ana Rodriguez 6th period 03/10/15 What were the causes and effect of the French and Indian war? â€Å"The last and most destructive of the four Anglo-French Colonial wars, was the French and Indian war.† Took place on 1754-1763, and together with its European counterpart, the seven years war. Start with England declaring war on France, and ending with the Treaty ofRead MoreThe Causes of the Seven Years War1814 Words   |  7 PagesThe French and Indian war represents the generic notion for what is known in the history of the European continent as the Seven Years War. This war represented an important moment in the history of the United States, despite the fact that the actual confrontation and the political disputes had included the French and the British. Although the political matters were related to the colonial issues the two sides had on the European continent, the major battlefield in this sense were disputed in theRead MoreThe Impact Of Indians During The Colonial Americas Essay1411 Words   |  6 Pages The Impact of Indians in the Colonial Americas Many historians speculate that about 20,000 years ago Paleo-Indians migrated to America. How they made the journey is highly speculated as well. Some believe it was by a land bridge between Asia and Northern America while others believed the Paleo-Indians to have migrated via boat. However, how they arrived is not what matters, but what is important is that the Paleo-Indians made it to the Americas where they began establishing their own civilizationsRead More The French and Indian War Essay939 Words   |  4 Pagesforce of French and Indians ambushed British and colonial troops. This catastrophe was to ultimately become the starting point of the French and Indian War. During the â€Å"Seven Years War†, as the French and Indian War is commonly called, there were wins and losses on both sides, but ultimately the British were victorious with the help of William Pitt. However, the War caused England many economic, political, and ideological tribulations with the American coloni sts. In response to a French threat toRead MoreThe American Revolution1472 Words   |  6 Pagesdemonstrate the long downward spiral of British control in North America. This unraveling of relations began after the French and Indian War, aided by many costly decisions made by the British Parliament and individuals of power in the colonies. Although many factors after the French and Indian War effected the American revolution: The Treaty of Paris in 1763, proclamation line, and a staggering war debt accumulated throughout the long seven-year war all equated to declining relations due to differentiatingRead MoreCause and Effect of the Seven Years War in America1529 Words   |  7 Pagesin size and trade. This could not be done without intruding on French land. This caused France to take an offensive position alongside their Indian allies against their biggest rival. Britain and its colonies persisted forward resulting in The Seven Years’ War or, as some call it, The French and In dian War. The Seven Years’ War was caused by Britain’s need for expansion and resulted in devastating debt, the humiliation of the French, and soured relations between the British and its colonies ultimatelyRead MoreThe French and Indian War Essay823 Words   |  4 PagesThe French and Indian War was a conflict in North America in which Great Britain fought France and their Native American allies. It lasted from 1756 until 1763, so it was also known as the Seven Years War. At the peace conference in 1763, the British received Canada from France and Florida from Spain, but permitted France to keep its West Indian sugar islands and gave Louisiana to Spain. The treaty strengthened the American colonies significantly by removing their European rivals to the north and

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Personal Grooming Marketing - 1488 Words

Propose a type of message appeal to be used in the advertising, making sure to explain the rationale behind the appeal. Personal grooming products consist of deodorant, shaving cream, hair trimmers, skin care and cologne to name a few. Personal care products is aimed specifically at men, which accounts for $4 billion in our current retail industry. The advertising vehicle to be used is through television and digital marketing .Men want to be perceived as technically well informed, strong and healthy and well groomed. The proposed opening message would project a scrawny or over weight fellow who has poor grooming habits and smells bad. His hair would be long and unkempt and wearing a beard that has never been trimmed. Displaying unkempt†¦show more content†¦The term Hispanic encompasses any person that originates from Mexico, Puerto Rico, South or Central American regions. Hispanic males are strong in family participation, make loyal leaders of the family, and prove to be faithful with family and friends. This culture takes great pride in their appearance and their appearance helps to define the machismo in their culture. Our personal care products would support their view of themselves and enhancing their culture of which they are passionate. Asian Americans include a wide variety of cultures according to Deliver Magazine author (Britt, 2012) states, â€Å"Asian American groups include U.S. citizens of Chinese, Korean, Filipino, Japanese and Vietnamese heritage, as well as immigrants and descendants from South Asian countries like India, Pakistan and Bangladesh†. Clearly this large group is worthy of acknowledgement as the fastest growing ethnic groups within the US. This group is family oriented who believes education is important to their survival. These ethnic groups provide a large financial opportunity to marketers. Decide which microcultures and additional demographics should be targeted. Additional microcultures to target are sports fans and video gamers because the peer pressure is high in these particular groups. The most popular sports in America are baseball, football, and basketball events that are highly attended events both live and on television.Show MoreRelatedMba 5501, Advanced Marketing Unit V Marketing Plan1434 Words   |  6 PagesMBA 5501, Advanced Marketing Colombia Southern University Gillette has successfully convinced the world that â€Å"more is better† in terms of number of blades and other razor features. Why has that worked in the past? What next? Gillette is one of the well-known razor brand targeted at men. The razor has received popularity and accepted by men who entrust their faces and skin to Gillette. The technological innovation and commitment for quality and continues improvement geared towards the uniqueRead MoreGillette Marketing Plan687 Words   |  3 PagesManagerial Marketing Marketing Plan Questions for Discussion 1. Evaluate product innovation at Gillette throughout its history. Has Gillette been a victim of its own success? Has product innovation in the wet-shaving market come to an end? Explain. While evaluating the product innovation at Gillette throughout its history, it is easy to relate to the companies ups and downs, as well as its struggles. Especially in the younger developmental years, we see the resilience of the company andRead MoreUnit II : Company Overview And Market Research1152 Words   |  5 PagesUnit II: Company Overview and Market Research Arimount is a well-recognized company specializing in beauty and personal grooming products that has been in operation for 20 years. The company is pondering the release of a new personal deodorant product into a very competitive market. The company’s research and development department has created a new chemical that has proven effectiveness for up to 5 days provided the user does not use a soap on the treated area. Arimount will face stiff competitionRead MoreRazor and Gillette1020 Words   |  5 Pagesinternational capabilities. 5. Gillettes sponsorship of sports gets good response from the market. 6. Gillette introduced its product to the US military which created a big market of self-shaving individuals. 7. Gillette has ventured in overall personal grooming. 8. Products of Gillette are known for its good quality. 9. Paul Hankins and Jim Pear impose a strong leadership in the company with strict control over product costs, overhead expenses, and working capital. Weakness 1. GillettesRead MoreUnilever, The Dove Brand Parent Company1670 Words   |  7 PagesUnilever, the Dove brand parent company, is a multinational company, dating as far back as the nineteenth century (unilever.com, n.d.). Unilever is comprised of over 400 brands, whose products lines include personal care products, cleaning agents, food and beverages, and used by two billion people each day (unilever.com, n.d.). The company employs over one-hundred, sixty-eight thousand people, including a remarkable forty-five percent of managers that are females (unilever.com, n.d.). Unilever’sRead MorePoctor Gamle1717 Words   |  7 PagesMidterm: Procter amp; Gamble Company By Petrisse Mason ------------------------------------------------- Course Name: Marketing in a Flatworld ------------------------------------------------- Course Number: GMT 725 ------------------------------------------------- Master of Business Administration in General Management School for Business Metropolitan College of New York New York, NY ------------------------------------------------- Professor: Dr. Richard Monahan ------------------------------------------------- Read MoreGillette and Mens Wet Shaving Market1479 Words   |  6 PagesGillette and the Men’s Wet-Shaving Market I. BACKGROUND COMPANY HISTORY Gillete Company has assumed the world leader in the men’s and some women’s grooming product technology. Gillette maintains 64 manufacturing facilities in 27 countries, and its products are sold in more than 200 countries, more than 60 percent sales of which occurring outside the US. Gillette has also adopted the top spots worldwide in writing instruments: Paper Mate, Parker, and WatermanRead MoreThe year 2006, Marketing Plan for The Body Shop International3233 Words   |  13 PagesEXECUTIVE SUMMARY The year 2006 Marketing Plan for The Body Shop International consists of: The view of present company situation. Company managed to successfully market itself for 3 decades as well as expand very fast through retail franchising model. Constant product development has shown positive results in sales. Trading relationships with communities in need has enabled company to outsource high quality sustainable and relatively cheap materials. Growth Model. Acquisition of independent TheRead MoreMarket Size and Beauty Health Service1434 Words   |  6 Pagesare now primping up mostly with cosmetic and skin or body care and grooming products. In 2003, the most dynamic growth sector was deodorants, up 8%, followed by sun care, up 5.8%, men’s grooming products, up 5.3%, and hair care up 4.7%, says STAT-USA (the US Department of Commerce), in its market overview report for US exporters. There is a growing number of affluent, image-conscious women who place a high priority on personal grooming and appearance. Women are also starting to apply makeup and experimentRead MoreEssay about Gillettes Acquisiton of Duracell1193 Words   |  5 Pagesbegin by providing a brief introduction on the acquisition of Duracell by Gillette, followed by the reasons it lacked success, and finally end with the proposed recommendations for Duracell. Currently, Gillette’s operating segments include personal grooming, small appliances, and oral care products, and the portable power segment. In the portable power segment, Duracell’s major competitors consist of Energizer and Rayovac while new and emerging ones included Sony, Kodak, Panasonic, and other private

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Coca-Cola in Brazil Free Essays

1920s and 30s International expansion The Company began a major push to establish bottling operations outside the U. S. Plants were opened in France, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Belgium, Italy, Peru, Spain, Australia and South Africa. We will write a custom essay sample on Coca-Cola in Brazil or any similar topic only for you Order Now On May 8, 1886, a pharmacist named Dr. John Pemberton carried a jug of Coca-Cola ® syrup to Jacobs’ Pharmacy in downtown Atlanta, where it was mixed with carbonated water and sold for five cents a glass. In 1942 Coca-Cola entered the Brazilian market. ? Brazil is Coca Cola’s third largest operation and second largest international market. ? Low average consumption (144 bottles/p/y) USA (462 bottles/p/y) ? Mexico (402 bottles/p/y) ? low profitability market ? 20th position ? ? ? ? ? ? From 1986 to 2003 nonalcoholic drink consumption AVG yearly growth of 13. 92%. ? Per Capita Consumption of Soft Drink in Brazil has increased by average rate of 17. 37% per year. Highly competitive market : ? AmBev: main competitor with 17% market share. It partnered with Pepsi increasing sales profitability. ? Other competitors have an average market share of 33,5% (within these, there are illegal manufacturers operating without permissions and without paying taxes). More than 3500 bran ds of soft drink in Brazil. More than 700 plants in 2004. Difficulty to reach rural communities. POS consumption. ? ? ? ? ? Cola was the Brazilian favorite flavor (41. 8%) followed by Guarana (23. 9%) and Orange (11. 4%). Soft drinks were sold in variety of containers made of glass, PET and aluminum, having capacities that varied from 200 ml to 2. 5 liters. The most favourite packaging is the disposable bottle from 2 to 2,5 litres with a total percentage average consumption of 72. 88*. Average sales growth rate in brazil between 1986-2003 in parcentage: 5,74 Consumers cares about price, flavor and quality, without being influeced by brand name. Poor distribution channels. ? Only 25% of soda sales are through supermarkets. ? Scarcity of vending machines. A- B: C: D-E: ?Most sophisticated class. ?They have the highest levels of income and education ? Typical worker ?Lack purchasing power ? Low/middle class ?Struggle to afford basic ? Compromise 12,6 million goods services households ? 28% of total national consumption ? ? ? ? ? ? Worldwide top known brand. Distribution network (9000 vehicles). High quality products. Wide product mix. Large market share. Large scale of operations. ? Poor distribution network in rural areas Investment reduction in media and advertising in 67% of product categories ? The price of Coca-Cola is higher than that of competitors ? Price cutting strategy has effect only on market share and not on profitability ? Develop a more accurate distribution network in rural areas. ? Expanding product range (Guarana). ? Partnership/acquisition with local brands. ? Sponsoring more social events (Rio 2016) and contribute to social development. ? Coming up with more efficient promotion. ? Leveraging class C. ? Consumer behavior: strong price consciusness and low level of loyalty ? Intense competition. B brands competiting illegally (no legal existence thus not paying taxes) ? High threat of new entrants (ex. RC Cola) ? High elasticity of demand ’ ? Expanding the output of the company’s product (Guarana Kuat) planting 200ha of Guarana: Pros: they secured the 11% Guarana market in Brazil. Pros: they allowed to reach a cost benefit controlling the supply and quality of raw materials. ? Venture into Tubainas territory: Pros: acquisition and blocking of ne w competitors. Cons: acquiring a competitor does not signify securing from its future actions. ? Price cutting from $0,65 to 0,45 ? -30%: Cons: negative effect on profitability. ? Buying back franchise operations: Pros: market share back from 48% to 50%. Cons: negative effect on profitability. ’ ? Partnership with Norsa: Pros: market share from 42% in 2002 to 44,5% in 2003 and increasing operational profits by 40%, thus implies Tobainas’s market share dropping by 4%. ? Sponsoring national events (mostly Rio de Janeiro Carnival): Pros: dissemination of brand awareness. ? Renovation of the company’s plants: Pros: more effective and efficient operations. ? introducing returnable glass bottle: Pros: reducing cost of packaging. Strenghten its position in the south-east of Brazil widening its distribution network. ? Keep going on strategic partnerships with local competitors. ? Extend the existing product range and effectively advertise and market it. ? Use different types of packaging to arrive to customers thus increasing their demand ? introduce limited edition bottles maitaining the same price. ? Make the company organization and asset structure more flexible in order to better respond to an high competitive and fast changing environment. ? Increase promotional activities in order to fight price competition and improve the peirceived quality for the products. Achieve operational efficiency through economies of scale. ? Exacerbate legal actions against B brands. ? Acquire or build Joint Ventures with Brazilian companies for exploiting their local knowledge. ? To be more involved in the local distribution, concentrating on the positioning of the products in the shelves. ? To better understand the customers needs and to adapt to local tastes. ? Make the customers understand that they are paying a premium price for a higher quality of products, and not because of the high promotion and advertising expenses. How to cite Coca-Cola in Brazil, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

The NorthWind Database Tutorial free essay sample

Subqueries are queries embedded in queries. They are used to retrieve data from one table based on data in another table. They generally are used when tables have some kind of relationship. For example, in the NorthWind database, the Orders table has a CustomerID field, which references a customer in the Customers table. Retrieving the CustomerID for a specific order is pretty straightforward. Code Sample 1 /* Find the CustomerID of the company that placed order 10290. */ SELECT CustomerID FROM Orders WHERE OrderID = 10290; Code Explanation This will return COMMI, which is very likely meaningless to the people reading the report. The next query uses a subquery to return a meaningful result. 1 Code Sample 2 Find the name of the company that placed order 10290. SELECT CompanyName FROM Customers WHERE CustomerID = (SELECT CustomerID FROM Orders WHERE OrderID = 10290); Code Explanation The above code returns Comercio Mineiro, which is a lot more useful than COMMI. The subquery can contain any valid SELECT statement, but it must return a single column with the expected number of results. We will write a custom essay sample on The NorthWind Database Tutorial or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page For example, if the subquery returns only one result, then the main query can check for equality, inequality, greater than, less than, etc. On the other hand, if the subquery returns more than one record, the main query must check to see if a field value is (or is NOT) IN the set of values returned. Code Sample 3 Find the Companies that placed orders in 1997 /****************************** The query below will work in SQL Server ******************************/ SELECT CompanyName FROM Customers WHERE CustomerID IN (SELECT CustomerID FROM Orders WHERE OrderDate BETWEEN 1-Jan-1997 AND 31-Dec-1997); Code Explanation The above SELECT statement will return the following results: 2 3 EXERCISE 1†¦ Subqueries Duration: 20 to 30 minutes. In this exercise, you will practice writing subqueries. 1. Create a report that shows the product name and supplier id for all products supplied by Exotic Liquids, Grandma Kellys Homestead, and Tokyo Traders. o You will need to escape the apostrophe in Grandma Kellys Homestead. To do so, place another apostrophe in front of it. For example, o o SELECT * FROM Suppliers WHERE CompanyName=Grandma Kellys Homestead; 2. Create a report that shows all products by name that are in the Seafood category. 3. Create a report that shows all companies by name that sell products in CategoryID 8. 4. Create a report that shows all companies by name that sell products in the Seafood category. Joins How can we find out†¦ †¢ †¢ †¢ Which products are provided by which suppliers? Which customers placed which orders? Which customers are buying which products? Such reports require data from multiple tables. Enter joins. Syntax SELECT table1. column, table2. column FROM table1 JOIN table2 ON (table1. column=table2. column) WHERE conditions Creating a report that returns the employee id and order id from the Orders table is not difficult. 4 Code Sample 4 Find the EmployeeID and OrderID for all orders SELECT EmployeeID, OrderID. FROM Orders; But this isn’t very useful as we cannot tell who the employee is that got this order. The next sample shows how we can use a join to make the report more useful. Code Sample 5 Create a report showing employee orders. SELECT Employees. EmployeeID, Employees. FirstName, Employees. LastName, Orders. OrderID, Orders. OrderDate FROM Employees JOIN Orders ON (Employees. EmployeeID = Orders. EmployeeID) ORDER BY Orders. OrderDate; Code Explanation The above SELECT statement will return the following results: 5 Table names are used as prefixes of the column names to identify the table in which to find the column. Although this is only required when the column name exists in both tables, it is always a good idea to include the prefixes as it makes the code more efficient and easier to read. Table Aliases Using full table names as prefixes can make SQL queries unnecessarily wordy. Table aliases can make the code a little more concise. The example below, which is identical in functionality to the query above, illustrates the use of table aliases. 6 Code Sample 6 Create a report showing employee orders using Aliases. SELECT e. EmployeeID, e. FirstName, e. LastName, o. OrderID, o. OrderDate FROM Employees e JOIN Orders o ON  (e. EmployeeID = o. EmployeeID) ORDER BY o. OrderDate; Multi-table Joins Multi-table joins can get very complex and may also take a long time to process, but the syntax is relatively straightforward. Syntax SELECT table1. column, table2. column, table3. column FROM table1 JOIN table2 ON (table1. column=table2. column) JOIN table3 ON (table2. column=table3. column) WHERE con ditions Note that, to join with a table, that table must be in the FROM clause or must already be joined with the table in the FROM clause. Consider the following. SELECT table1. column, table2. column, table3. column FROM table1 The above code would break because it attempts to join table3 with table2 before table2 has been joined with table1. Code Sample 7 /* Create a report showing the Order ID, the name of the company that placed the order, and the first and last name of the associated employee. Only show orders placed after January 1, 1998 that shipped after they were required. Sort by Company Name. */ 7 /****************************** This query will work in SQL Server ******************************/ SELECT o. OrderID, c. CompanyName, e. FirstName, e. LastName FROM Orders o JOIN Employees e ON (e. EmployeeID = o. EmployeeID) JOIN Customers c ON (c. CustomerID = o. CustomerID) WHERE o. ShippedDate o. RequiredDate AND o. OrderDate 1-Jan-1998 ORDER BY c. CompanyName; Code Explanation The above SELECT statement will return the following results: 8 EXERCISE 2†¦ Using Joins Duration: 25 to 40 minutes. In this exercise, you will practice using joins. 1. Create a report that shows the order ids and the associated employee names for orders that shipped after the required date. It should return the following. There should be 37 rows returned. 9 2. Create a report that shows the total quantity of products (from the OrderDetails table) ordered. Only show records for products for which the quantity ordered is fewer than 200. The report should return the following 5 rows. 3. Create a report that shows the total number of orders by Customer since December 31, 1996. The report should only return rows for which the NumOrders is greater than 15. The report should return the following 5 rows. 4. Create a report that shows the company name, order id, and total price of all products of which NorthWind has sold more than $10,000 worth. There is no need for a GROUP BY clause in this report. 10 Outer Joins So far, all the joins we have worked with are inner joins, meaning that rows are only returned that have matches in both tables. For example, when doing an inner join between the Employees table and the Orders table, only employees that have matching orders and orders that have matching employees will be returned. As a point of comparison, lets first look at another inner join. Code Sample 8 /* Create a report that shows the number of employees and customers from each city that has employees in it. */

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Social Marketing Campaign on Domestic Violence

Background Information In this marketing campaign strategy the focus would be centered on violence against women, as a form of domestic violence that is currently experience in many countries across the globe. Violence against women is experienced through sex abuse and harassment.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Social Marketing Campaign on Domestic Violence specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The perpetrators of this crime usually abuse women sexually, having the knowledge of a woman’s private part without her permission. The sex offender uses force and physical might to have sex with a woman who is not willing. The man violently uses force by assaulting and hurling bitter words and insult at the lady. In many developing countries, women are physically battered at home to yield to the demands of men. They are mainly used as a tool and object to satisfy the men’s bodily demands. In fact, the same prob lems are also experienced in the developed countries such as Australia. Most of the domestic violence seen and investigated has shown that rape is used as a tool to administer violence against women. There are some reasons that make the perpetrators use rape to administer humiliation, getting forced information from the women, and also used to reward male soldiers. One of the reasons that can be attributed to women experiencing sexual abuse and harassment during conflict is that the women are traditionally seen as tools, and sex-objects. They have been seen to transmit this tradition and culture to the other generations. For this reason, the attack on women is seen to be the right procedure to attack a society. Any attack against women is against the honor of society, due to the fact that they are seen to be the symbol of national unity for any culture and nation (Lee Kotler 2011, p. 59). There are many effects and consequences that are brought about by sexual violence against wome n. These consequences can affect the women for the rest of their lives. There are many reports gathered that show that there are rape cases that were experienced by the women in some areas.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Besides, many rape cases reported were as a result of the military men taking advantage of the helpless women. According to Mullins, such incidences stayed in the scene for a long time due to the fact that that many acts of violence against women are not punished (Mullins 1999, p.39). There are many investigations that have been conducted to prove that many cases of violence against women are not given much attention by the required authorities. There are various reasons that make the violence against women war that will take a longer time than expected. One of them is that the victims get threats and reprisals that make them fear of what will happen with them. Besides, there are legislations in â€Å"the constitutions prevent any accusation made for any crime that is committed in the war† (Maccoby1998, p.46). This is a loophole that enables soldiers and perpetrators to get away with this crime easily. This has been the reason why the women offenders continue to commit this crime without any fear of accusation. Many women fear rejection from their husbands and the families. Traditionally, when they report the cases they fear that they will not get married if they report that they have once been raped in their lives. In addition, women are the subjects of men in many instances, and they fear that they are not supposed to report these cases to them. Therefore, these grave concerns form the basic foundation of this social marketing campaign on domestic violence (Rothschilds 1999, p.32). The choice of this problem was appropriate one for the study since domestic violence is a common issue that affects families globally. This is a problem that has both the social and economic costs since in the community and many families are destabilized. In addition, a lot of resources are channeled towards health care management of the domestic violence victims as well as settling court cases on divorce and separation that come as a result of this problem.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Social Marketing Campaign on Domestic Violence specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In fact, media campaigns have been tried through gender activist movements to sensitize people against domestic violence, but very little has been achieved, thus a â€Å"fresh approach to this problem is required† (Rothschilds 1999, p.36). Therefore, social marketing campaign is the best technique for managing this problem. Campaign Purpose This main purpose of this social marketing campaign is to make sure that the domestic violence across the world is stopped, especially in the de veloped countries such as Australia. Such violence has been witnessed to be on the increasing trend across the globe since many cases are pending in law courts. Therefore, information awareness about gender rights and equality are essential in every community so as to minimize domestic violence that negatively affects the stability of families, and in certain cases, such incidences have led to loss of lives among individuals (Lefebvre 2011, p.58). Therefore, it is important to put in place social marketing campaign strategies to tackle this issue. This campaign will be evaluated on its achievements. For instance, the campaign’s measurable outcomes can be analyzed in terms of the reduction of rate of gender violence against women, rate of separations or divorces cases that result from domestic violence and death rates among men and women as a result of domestic violence. Campaign Focus The main target of this social marketing campaign approach is to harness the existing approa ches towards addressing domestic violence. The focus would be centered on thorough planning to make sure that the social marketing approach achieves its intended objective. This would not involve only taking advantage of the previous marketing strategies, but also making use of the current successful marketing campaigns that have been employed in addressing the issues of domestic violence. The use of the successful social marketing strategies are essential in the sense that they provide a basis on which successes as well as failures of this research problem can be analyzed.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In addition, this would provide a good ground to have detailed information about the target audience, market segmentation, innovative strategies, and cost effective strategies that can be applied in this social marketing campaign on domestic violence (Hoek Jones 2011, p.34). The main focus of this campaign would be on changing some of the customary laws that might encourage gender violence as a form of ‘discipline’ among women. This problem would better be addressed by non-profit organizations whose interest is to make sure that peace and stability are enhanced in the community (Hoek Jones 2011, p.35). Situation (SWOT) Analysis This incorporates the assessment of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of this social marketing approach on domestic violence. The internal strengths associated with this campaign are the innovation and creativity in the use of marketing tools. However, its weaknesses can be realized in the sense that this social marketing tool m ight need a lot of funding that the organization is not be able of raising to support its activities in the long run. It is important to note that this campaign has important external opportunities since other social marketing organizations are not strong enough to offer stiff competition, which might lead to â€Å"conflicting interests in the areas of operation† (Hoek Jones 2011, p.35). However, there are external threats in the sense that online social marketing is currently overtaking the conventional methods of marketing, and once the campaign fails to incorporate the use of internet, it might not effectively deliver its intended objectives (Wymer 2011, p.24). Target Market This social marketing campaign targets women because they are the most vulnerable to domestic violence. Objectives This marketing campaign focuses on changing men’s behaviours and beliefs in women battering as a form of discipline. For instance, some customary laws permitted such practices as f orms of punishments to women, but these practices are highly discouraged by this campaign that is intended to stop domestic violence against women, and this forms the main goal of the marketing campaign. However, the target audience might experience some barriers in adopting this intended behavior owing to cultural practices that are deeply rooted in some communities. Key Benefits The target audience would definitely benefit from this campaign in the sense that sexual abuse and harassments of women by their male counterparts could be reduced to some extent or even stopped. Discouraging domestic violence against women would be the key motivation to the targeted group of audience since the women would no longer be sexually abused. On the other hand, the community would also benefit because of peace and stability experienced in the society that result from lack of violence. This is because domestic violence does not destabilize families alone, but the whole community (Hastings Angus 2 011, p.46). Analysis of competing behaviours This can be witnessed in female rights campaign awareness programs that are locally based in the community. Under this program, the women are encouraged to organize for demonstrations against gender violence, and such behaviours are important to them since they are given the opportunity to freely air their grievances against men. However, these behaviours are associated with both the social and economic costs since they might lead to rejection among women by their male counterparts. In addition, the economic costs are seen in the sense that these demonstrations would require some resources to execute the mission (Belz Peattie 2009, p. 72). Positioning statement: We want women to actively engage in campaigns against domestic violence. We want to see that sexual abuse behaviours are stopped through this social marketing campaign strategy. This would definitely stop other competing forces against domestic violence. Product design/platform The core products/services offered under this program are the literature materials on domestic violence and women’s rights awareness. The actual products would be centered on women’s sexual abuse, and the augmented products would be text information on family instability that comes as a result of divorce and separation incidences (Donovan 2011, p.18). Price This social marketing campaign would provide some incentives to the women representatives since they could be given some allowances so as to help in mobilizing other women to join the network. However, some disincentives could be witnessed in certain cases when the women leaders failed to properly account for the funds allocated to them, and in such instances they are made to payback the money with penalty. Though, this might appear to be a form of discouragement on their side, it is important for this campaign strategy since all the funds will be properly accounted for and directed to the right purposes (Maccoby 1 998, p. 63). Place The women will perform the desired behaviours both at home and workplaces. For instance, when a woman is confronted by a man at home, she would try to exercise her fundamental rights of gender equality to discourage any form of violence that might ensue. This would definitely discourage the man to engage in sexual abuse and violence. The phenomenon of this kind is common at night, especially when both the woman and the man have come from work. Another incident is common in workplaces, especially when women are sexually harassed by their male bosses. This kind of sexual abuse at workplaces can be in form of sexual harassment, use of sexually implicit language, and spanking. These kinds of sexual abuse of women might lead to violence as well (Hoek Jones 2011, p.32). Therefore, when domestic violence on women is being addressed, it is also important to incorporate that of workplace. In fact, there are also certain groups that are in support of this social marketing campaign such as women’s rights movements. Promotion The key message communicated to the women is that they should champion for their rights and freedom. Therefore, men should not encourage domestic violence against their female counterparts as means of settling disputes. This message would be delivered by women rights based organizations, and the sponsors for this campaign would involve the federal and state governments as well as non-governmental organizations (Andreasen Kotler 2008, p.15). Moreover, this social marketing campaign approach would make use of creative strategies such as logos and visuals among others. A typical message slogan is shown in the following figure. Though, this message slogan focuses mainly on the women, it also draws some attention from the male counterparts since they are the perpetrators of domestic violence against women in the society (Andreasen Kotler 2008, p.14). This message can be delivered through the internet, making use of social mar keting sites such as facebook, LinkedIn, and skill pages among others. Other print and visual media can be used as well in this campaign. Conclusion The core objective of this marketing campaign strategy is to facilitate gender rights awareness among women since this is a necessary tool in discouraging domestic violence that is rampant among many families and societies. In this context, it would be necessary to come up with sound strategies in addressing this problem. In fact, this issue is not family based only since it affects the entire community. This calls for urgent social marketing interventions so as to make sure that the magnitude of domestic violence among women is significantly reduced. The social costs associated with this problem are witnessed in divorce and separation cases among families or even death. Such family instability also impacts on the wider society because the productivity of human resource is greatly reduced. In addition, many resources are channeled towar ds settling of domestic disputes in law courts as well as healthcare management for the victims of the domestic violence. In this campaign, social media would be crucial tools in addressing this fundamental problem. Therefore, internet social sites would be crucial in this social marketing campaign strategy. References List Andreasen, R. Kotler, P., 2008, Strategic Marketing for Nonprofit Organizations, Pearson Education, New Jersey. Belz, F. Peattie, K., 2009, Sustainability Marketing: A Global Perspective, Wiley Publishers, West Sussex. Donovan, R., 2011, â€Å"Social Marketing’s Myth understandings†, Journal of Social Marketing, vol.1 no.1, pp.8-16. Hastings, G. Angus, K., 2011, â€Å"When is Social Marketing Not Social Marketing?† Journal of Social Marketing, vol.1 no.1, pp. 45-53. Hoek, J. Jones, S., 2011, â€Å"Regulation, Public Health and Social Marketing: A Behaviour Change Trinity†, Journal of Social Marketing, vol. 1 no.1, pp. 32-44. Lee, R . Kotler, P., 2011, Social Marketing: Influencing Behaviours for Good, Sage, Thousand Oaks, California. Lefebvre, C., 2011, â€Å"An Integrative Model for Social Marketing†, Journal of Social Marketing, vol.1 no.1, pp. 54-72. Maccoby, M., 1998, Violence against women: Rape as a tool in war, Simon and Schuster, New York. Mullins, L., 1999, Domestic Violence. Pitman Publishing, London. Rothschilds, M., 1999, â€Å"Carrots, Sticks, and Promises: A Conceptual Framework for the Management of Public Health and Social Issue Behaviours †, Journal of Marketing, vol.63 no. 1, pp.24-37. Wymer, W., 2011, â€Å" Developing More Effective Social Marketing Strategies†, Journal of Social Marketing, vo.1,no.1, pp.17-31. This report on Social Marketing Campaign on Domestic Violence was written and submitted by user Swarm to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

British Airways Essay Example

British Airways Essay Example British Airways Essay British Airways Essay Date| Event| Source| May 12, 2011| BA on the up after dispute dealBritish Airways has achieved a victory, albeit, at a considerable cost, that should stand it in good stead after cabin crew backed a deal to end the longest and most bitter dispute in the transport sector for years. Union had achieved an â€Å"honourable settlement† and pledged to work in a â€Å"spirit of partnership† to repair damage to the airline’s brand. Keith Williams, BA’s recently appointed chief executive, for being â€Å"strong, brave and courageous† in reaching the agreement. The settlement includes a two-year pay deal worth up to 7. per cent. It comprises an inflation-linked rise of up to 4 per cent this year, including 1. 1 per cent dependent on productivity savings, and 3. 5 per cent next, including 0. 5 per cent dependent on savings. The dispute started over cost-cutting but developed into a row over travel concessions removed from Unite members who went on strike, as w ell as suspensions and dismissals. The union was powerless to stop the original cause of the dispute – 1,700 full-time job losses among cabin crew as BA removed at least one crew member from most long-haul flights, saving ? 3m a year. It has also hired 700 new crew in its so called â€Å"mixed fleet† on certain routes, earning ? 17,000 a year on average compared with ? 29,000 for existing Heathrow cabin crew. That programme should yield ? 160m annual savings within a decade. â€Å"I think there is no question that it is a victory for British Airways but it comes at a cost,† said Douglas McNeill, at Charles Stanley Securities. Andrew Lobbenberg at RBS said â€Å"the economics of the dispute were won by BA about nine months ago† and it had gained â€Å"the credibility of being firm†. | Unread (Ft. om)Public View, Banks| May 12, 2011| Union welcomes BA deal that avoids humiliationUnion officials accused the company of â€Å"holding a gun† to th e heads of staff and in December that year, cabin crew announced a 12-day strike over Christmas after a 9-1 vote in favour of industrial action. High Court ruled that the strike could not go ahead because Unite had balloted hundreds of members who had subsequently left the company. March last year that the first three-day strike began after a second ballot. There were 22 days of strikes in total last spring, costing the airline an estimated ? 150m but BA managed to keep most of its customers flying. Some blamed Mr Walsh’s intransigence for prolonging the dispute but analysts praised him for preparing well. The airline had enough cash to fight a long battle and used a volunteer workforce, as well as aircraft hired from other airlines, to keep flights going. There was relief among Unite’s cabin crew members on Thursday that a formula had been found to end the dispute without more humiliation. An agreement come to reject by Bassa, Unite’s main cabin crew branch, this is due to the Mr Walsh said Unite had a â€Å"dysfunctional† relationship with Bassa, which operates largely autonomous. | Unread (Ft. om)Union views AND Cabin crew views| 14 May 2011 | BA workers vote to ballot on new dealOver 500 union members gathered for a mass meeting about the deal in West London today. Best summed up by one worker who said, The press and BA have damned us. But we have come out on top- they should say that. There will also be a pay increase totalling 7. 5 percent over two years- 4 percent this year, backdated, and 3. 5 percent next year. It is unclear whether there are productivity requirements attached. Management has also agreed that there will be no unilateral imposition of any new terms and conditions without full negotiations with the union. But a thread of uncertainty ran through the contributions from cabin crew during and after the meeting. Unite general secretary Len McCluskey told the meeting the sackings were nonsensical. But the agreement does not include the full reinstatement of the sacked staff. Mc Cluskey said, All it agrees to is binding arbitration. And those who have already been through an employment tribunal and are waiting for results,and dealt separately. McCluskeys only reference to this was to say, Change is with us. There is no point rejecting change, we have to embrace it. He also described a change within management psyche. It is no surprise that this psychobabble left crew feeling unsettled. McCluskey said the union would be making a strong recommendation that members accept it, and that he was very confident they would. Another expressed concern over the way in which the union was trying to push a deal on crew rather than allow an open discussion about pros and cons. Many asked how Bassa would su rvive when the mixed fleet remained and new starters were all employed on worse conditions. Nearly two years of a media witch-hunt and abuse from BA, it is no surprise that many cabin crew feel relieved to have a deal. Furthermore, Solidarity, something cabin crew have fought hard for, cannot be dropped now. Allowing BA to employ workers on worse terms will weaken the position of the union. According to the Bassa members, they are willing to fight in 5ballots as in But no deal should be agreed without the reinstatement of every sacked worker, and without the issue of new starters being resolved. Union said it will not call for more strike dates. | Unread ( Socialist Worker Online. A revolutionary anti-capitalist paper I Britain)Cabin crews view Union view | 12 May 2011 * | BA and union agree to end disputeBritish Airways and the Unite union have reached an agreement to settle their long-running industrial dispute. Unite general secretary Len McCluskey said, We always said that this dispute could only be settled by negotiation, not by confrontation or litigation. And so it h as proved, he said. I am particularly pleased that travel concessions will be restored. The union said BA had agreed to restore travel concessions to staff who went on strike and award a two-year pay deal worth up to 7. %. Under the pay deal, staff will get up to a 4% rise this year and 3. 5% next year. The awards are linked to proposed productivity changes, but the exact details are not known at this stage. BA said: On behalf of our customers, we are very pleased the threat of industrial action has been lifted and that we have reached a point where we can put this dispute behind us. Our agreement with Unite involves acknowledgement by the union that the cost-saving structural changes we have made in cabin crew operations are permanent. We have also agreed changes that will modernise our crew industrial relations and help ensure that this kind of dispute cannot occur again, the airline said. A recent change of leadership at both British Airways and Unite was seen to have given fresh impetus to a desire to reach agreement. Mr Duncan Holley, who was one of those sacked by the airline during the dispute, said the airline had taken some brave steps, and the union should match those brave steps. He said, a wind of change at BA under new chief executive, Keith Williams. The dispute began in 2009 over cost cutting but became bogged down over the loss of travel perks to striking staff and the dismissal of some employees who joined the industrial action. The strikes have resulted in travel chaos for hundreds of thousands of passengers and the bill for the disruption caused to BA has been estimated to be ? 150m. BAs years of industrial turbulence2009 * Oct 6: BA announces 1,700 cabin crew job cuts and pay freeze2010 * Mar 20: Start of 3-day strike, with dispute inflamed by BA decision to withdraw perks. * April: More strikes follow over the busy Easter period * May 17: BA wins injunction against further strikes after peace talks collapse * May 20: Unite wins appeal and strikes back on * May 22: Talks to avert walkouts end in disarray after demonstrators storm building, and chief executive Willie Walsh escorted away for protection * June: More strikes take total days lost to 22 * July 20: Cabin crew reject new offer * July 31: It emerges that more than 80 cabin crew have been suspended and 13 sacked because of incidents related to the dispute2011 * Jan 21: Cabin crew vote for fresh strikes, but action halted by new legal wrangling * Mar 28: Cabin crew vote by a ratio of 8-1 for strikes in new ballot * May 12: BA and Unite agree deal to avert further strikes| Unread (BBC news Business)Union viewsBA management viewsCabin crew views| 12 May 2011| BA and Unite reach deal to end cabin crew strikesUnion members to vote on settlement with British Airways that restores travel privileges and takes sac kings into arbitration. The deal is being put to a mass meeting of Unite members near Heathrow airport and is expected to be recommended for acceptance in a ballot. The deal will end 18 months of hostilities that included 22 days of walkouts. It includes the restoration of travel concessions for cabin crew, the issue that was holding up a settlement. McCluskey said: We always said that this dispute could only be settled by negotiation, not by confrontation or litigation. And so it has proved. We are delighted to have reached an agreement which I believe recognises the rights and dignity of cabin crew as well as the commercial requirements of the company. This agreement will allow us to go forward in partnership together to strengthen this great British company – good news for BA, its employees and its customers alike. I am particularly pleased that staff travel concessions will be restored in full with the signing of the agreement and the implementation of the new structure for working together that we have negotiated. A customer-oriented business can only succeed with all its employees valued and respected. A BA spokesman said: We have a lso agreed changes that will modernise our crew industrial relations and help ensure that this kind of dispute cannot occur again. Our agreement with Unite involves acknowledgement by the union that the cost-saving structural changes we have made in cabin crew operations are permanent. Two previous peace agreements were scrapped after Unite declined to recommend them because of concerns over sanctions against crew members who took part in strikes last year. It is understood the agreement restores staff travel perks stripped from thousands of crew who took part in the strikes, as well as allowing arbitration of the dozens of disciplinary cases – including sackings – that were linked to the dispute. BAs worst ever industrial relations dispute began in 2009 when the airline unilaterally reduced staffing levels on long-haul flights after a voluntary redundancy programme. Unite launched a strike ballot in protest at the cuts and the lack of consultation, triggering a year of high court hearings, strike votes and walkouts. In a bizarre interlude in the peace talks between Walsh and Woodley last year, members of the Socialist Workers party broke into discussions at the Acas conciliation service. | Unread (The guardian)Union ViewsBA management views| 2 May 2011| Unite to vote on deal to end BA disputeThe British Airways cabin crew union has voted almost unanimously to back a deal to end the longest and most bitter confrontation in the transport industry for years. Staff travel concessions, which had been removed from workers who went on strike last year, will be restored once the deal has finally been accepted. Disciplinary cases against dozens of Unite members arising from the dispute will be put to binding arbitration under the auspices of Acas, the conciliation service. The change in the leadership on each side gave fresh impetus to moves to resolve the dispute, leading to a fresh round of talks in recent weeks. For the first time, representatives of Bassa, a branch of the Transport ; General Worker’s Union, were involved. Mr McCluskey said: â€Å"There is a change within the management psyche at British Airways driven by the chief executive. If we embrace this we are confident that the future will look good. ’’ He said: the underlying reason had been a â€Å"deep sense of grievance† that cabin crew were not being respected. He was it was not a matter of winners or losers. But he told members they could be proud of showing â€Å"the type of union solidarity that is absolutely astounding†. | Unread (Ft. com)Union views| 11 May 2011| BA and Unite union move closer to ending cabin crew disputeAgreement comes after nearly 18 months of hostilities, including 22 days of walkouts, and will be debated by BA crew at Unite meeting near Heathrow airport. Bassa, Unites main cabin rew branch, said in email to members: The talks have now concluded to the satisfaction of both parties. If the branch agrees, the negotiated settlement will be put to the full membership in a postal ballot. Br itish Airways and the Unite trade union have taken a significant step towards ending a long-running dispute with cabin crew after agreeing a peace deal on Wednesday. | Unread (The guardian)Union views| 11 May 2011| BBC News BA strike: Hopes rise for end to cabin crew disputeThe long-running dispute between British Airways and some of its cabin crew may be close to being resolved. An offer will be put to a meeting of members at Heathrow on Thursday. If members endorse it with a show of hands, they will be formally balloted. A spokesman for Bassa, the British Airways cabin crew union which is a branch of the Unite union, confirmed that talks have now concluded to the satisfaction of both parties. Talks between the two sides have been going on for weeks. They began in March when cabin crew voted in favour of a further round of industrial action. The union held back from announcing dates pending negotiations. | Unread (BBC news Business)Union views| 27 April 2010| Reject BA offer, Unite urges crewThe union representing British Airways cabin crew has said it will strongly recommend that its members reject the latest offer from the airline. Talks between the two parties failed to reach agreement, so the Unite union will now ballot members on the offer. Unite said it would not announce strike dates at this stage. The blame for this rests exclusively with an intransigent management which is determined to attack trade unionism and persecute its employees who supported the strike action last month, said Unites j oint general secretary Tony Woodley. Mr Woodley accused BA of victimising cabin crew who had their travel perks taken away after the strike, and of taking vindictive and disproportionate disciplinary action against it members. BA said it was extremely disappointed that Unite was urging its members to reject our latest offer and apparently preparing for a further strike shortly after the general election campaign. The airline accused the union of showing callous disregard for passengers. It said the offer put to Unite was fair. BA can ill afford further disruption after seven days of strikes last month, which it says cost the airline up to ? 45m, and the disruption to flights caused by volcanic ash thrown into the atmosphere by an Icelandic volcano earlier this month. The airline is expected to announce the biggest loss in its privatised history when it reports its annual results later this year. Last year it lost more than ? 400m. | Unread (BBC news Business)Union viewsBA management views| 21 November 2010| Unite chooses McCluskey as leaderLen McCluskey has been elected leader of the UKs biggest trade union, Unite. His win, with 101,000 votes, will see him take over from joint general secretaries Tony Woodley and Derek Simpson who have been in post since the union formed in 2007. His win, with 101,000 votes, will see him take over from joint general secretaries Tony Woodley and Derek Simpson who have been in post since the union formed in 2007. He said: My first task now will be to bring our union together and unite it in a campaign against the devastation the Government is unleashing against working people and their communities throughout the land. He was closely involved with a dispute between British Airways and its cabin crew which resulted in a series of strikes. Also briefly some of the successful jobs experienced in his historical of life. He later became Unites assistant general secretary for industrial strategy. He has been a member of the Labour Party for 39 years. Unite has more than 1. 4m members and was formed by the merger between two of Britains leading unions, the Transport and General Workers Union and Amicus. | Unread (BBC news Business)Union views| 24 November 2010| Unite pledges alliance of resistanceLen McCluskey, the newly elected leader of Unite, Britains biggest trade union, today put himself and his union at the forefront of an alliance of resistance that he promised would rock the establishment and force the coalition government to step back from its plans to decimate the very fabric of the welfare state. He also claimed that an anger was building up in the country that surpassed the era of the poll tax demonstrations and claimed there was a very, very real possibility that the Liberal Democrats would implode as a party. In an interview with the Guardian he promised he would not be cowering in the corner, but instead would be shouting from the rooftops to force the coalition government to stop its cuts. He went on: I am not interested in subtlety. I understand what is happening to ordinary working people – their jobs are being lost, their families and the future of their children are being threatened, their houses are being repossessed and they are looking around for someone to give them help. There is an anger building up the likes of which we have not seen in our country since the poll tax. I can feel something stronger than that building so it is the responsibility of the trades unions more than anyone else to give some guidance to that anger and put it in a manner that will hopefully make the government take a step back. He insisted he would not be rushing ahead of his troops. We have got to make people believe that people power can do anything because that is what the history of our movement tells us and indeed that is what the history of the world tells us. Quotes the examples: [Nelson] Mandela may have taken that position over the laws of apartheid and [Mahatma] Gandhi may have taken that position over the laws of colonialism and imperialism, and the Suffragettes might have said we do not accept the law of the land. So I do not think we should get hung up in this belief certainly as trade union leaders that the law is given down from Mount Sinai and we cannot challenge it. . In addition, I have got no intention of playing the bosses game of being dragged into cul-de-sacs and courts, and having to be fined by courts with our members money. He is planning a series of conferences and tracking polls to check his memberships views. There are good people in the Liberal Democrats who have long been on the side of decency and justice. A lot of them are deeply dissatisfied, and if we build our resistance, and that may bring pressure to bear inside their party. The people we have to influence are the Liberal Democrats. We have got to start putting pressure on politicians particularly the Liberal Democrats; they have to be held accountable for what they have done there. They have tried to give the impression this would be a government of consensus but where is the consensus? | Unread (The guardian)Union view on protecting human rights| 4 March 2011| Unions hail court strike rulingTwo rail unions have welcomed a court ruling that prevents minor mistakes in balloting being used to halt strikes. Examples cases happening in two rail union. Trade union leaders called the ruling a major step for industrial freedom. Two strikes that were planned separately by the RMT on Londons Docklands Light Railway and by Aslef on London Midland were halted in the courts because of what were seen as technicalities. In the Aslef dispute, an overwhelming yes vote was set aside, because the employer objected to two ballot papers that had been sent to two members who were not entitled to take part. The court said in future that the information should be as accurate as was reasonably practicable and that allowances should be made for small accidental failures in administration. Richard Arthur, from the law firm Thompsons, who acted in the case, said the were a major victory for the union movement. Theres been a series of cases over the last 18 months to two years where employers have found it easier to get injunctions and the way the legislation has been interpreted by the courts has been ever more restrictive, he said. This case redresses that balance and interprets the legislation in the way its supposed to be interpreted. Keith Norman, Aslefs general secretary, said it had been almost impossible to take legal strike action in the UK. If the employer could find the tiniest discrepancy, the courts would find in the employers favour, he said. Bob Crow, leader of the RMT, called the result a massive victory and said it paved the way for millions of members to take action over cuts to jobs and services in the coming months. Unread (BBC news Business)Rails Union view Rails Union view| 28 January 2011| A tsunami of resistanceThe Trades Union Congress meets today to decide how it will respond to government spending cuts. Last September, it voted to organise co-ordinated resistance to these cuts. Since then, it has been educating its members and the public about the scale and detrimental impact of the cuts on public services and the economy at large. Now, it has to turn to the issue of mobilising opposition. It is organising what it hopes will be a massive demonstration on 26 March. And while t his will be an important barometer of whether there is support for resistance, the crucial issue is whether or not the unions can organise co-ordinated strike action – which is effective. Governments can ignore one-off demos but not action that stops services and the economy. What is co-ordinated strike action? It is unions organising separate industrial disputes so that workers in different parts of the public and private sectors strike together on the same day thereby creating a political punch at the government. The idea is the whole is greater than the sum of parts. If the strikes are not aggregated together, they will remain as just the odd strike here and there. Would this be lawful? The unions are not talking about a general strike. General strikes are unlawful as they are political strikes against a government and not an employer. But co-ordinated action would be lawful so long as each individual strike comprised a trade dispute with an employer and had a lawful mandate for action after going through the balloting and notification process. Thus, unions could not be sued for loss of business by employers. How could it happen? Despite the cuts being enforced by central government, their impact will take place at different times and with different effects in different parts of the public sector as individual employers take action to balance their books. This means it will be a difficult – though not impossible – task to synchronise all the groups of workers that want to take action. That is why unions may move first on pension reform, because this will affect a large number of workers at the same time and in the same way. Wont it seem that unions are just protecting their own vested interest? The downside of moving on pensions is that it is harder to portray this action as defending public services. If action was taken on redundancies, the argument could be made that reducing jobs also meant reducing service provision so that an alliance of service providers and users could be created. What about the wider anti-cuts movement? Unions have 7 million members and significant financial resources. But they will not win this battle on their own. They need to ally with others. But by the same token, others need to ally with them. Out of todays meeting needs to come a commitment by all unions to put their shoulder to the wheel to work effectively with campaigning organisations to create a tsunami of resistance. | Unread (The guardian)Explanation on the rightful legislation| 25 January 2011| BA strike: pilots union warns on safety and moraleThe leader of Britains largest pilot union has warned that the British Airways cabin crew dispute could endanger safety at the airline and has damaged trade unionism in the UK. Jim McAuslan, general secretary of the British Airline Pilots Association (Balpa), said the war within BA could endanger safety and urged the airline to act so that safety is not prejudiced. Last year a BA pilot told the Guardian that the dispute between the airline and the Unite trade union had created unsustainable working conditions on flights, due to the carrier using a volunteer workforce during strikes that included some pilots. He added, added that the aftermath of the cabin crew dispute could resemble the consequences of the miners strike in the mid-1980s, when communities were divided between strike-breakers and strikers. After all of this is over there will have to be a process by which everyone works together again. You cannot have what happened after the miners strike where there are still people in villages not talking to each other. Unite had become a prisoner of its main cabin crew branch, Bassa, McAuslan added. He also claimed that conciliation service Acas and the leader of the TUC, Brendan Barber, would agree with BAs argument that Unite and Bassa have a dysfunctional relationship. He said: I think Unite have become prisoners of a local branch that has lost the plot a bit If you speak to Acas and Brendan [Barber] they would probably agree that there is dysfunctionality within Unite. Unite argues that it has had no choice but to fight back against what it perceives to be a concerted union-breaking strategy at BA and believes that the dispute, originally over staffing cuts, would have been settled long ago if the airline was not determined to hobble Bassa. BA has consistently denied accusations of union breaking. McAuslan said Balpa supported the democracy of the latest Unite vote but indicated that pilots would not back the dispute. Last week nearly 80% of Unite-affiliated crew at BA voted in favour of strike action, although the union is holding off from setting walkout dates after calling for renewed negotiations with the airline. Responding to McAuslans comments on safety, a BA spokesman said: All of our crew are extremely professional and are trained to the very highest standards. The safety of our customers and crew is our highest priority and would never be compromised. | Unread (The guardian)Public views (Balpa)Union viewsBA management views| (BA-18)January 21, 2011/ 7:21pm| FT. om / Companies / UK companies BA cabin crew vote for more strikesBritish Airways is facing the threat of further strikes by its cabin crew after they voted heavily in favour of more walkouts, overshadowing completion of the airline’s merger with Spain’s Iberia. The Unite union said its members h ad voted by 5,751 to 1,579 to take further industrial action on a turnout of 75 per cent. It follows 22 days of strikes last spring which cost the airline more than ? 150m and prolongs a bitter dispute that has already lasted more than a year. The turnout among the union’s 10,220 members and the majority in favour of action of 78. 5 per cent were not far short of Unite’s two previous strike ballots. The union held back from naming strike dates and called for more negotiationsThe result was revealed as BA finalised its merger with Iberia to create a new holding company, International Consolidated Airlines Group. Shares in IAG will be listed in London and Madrid from Monday, with BA and Iberia retaining their brands in a link-up intended to save â‚ ¬400m (? 337m) a year within five years and pave the way for acquisitions. The airline has said if there are more strikes it expects to fly 100 per cent of long-haul and most short-haul flights at Heathrow, as well as full schedules at Gatwick and City airports. It kept most flights operating during the last bout of strikes by using volunteer staff and hiring extra aircraft and crew. Over the past 12 months, BA’s shares have gained 40 per cent and on Thursday closed at 283p. Len McCluskey, Unite’s new leader, said: â€Å"For the fourth time in 13 months, British Airways cabin crew have voted overwhelmingly in support of their union and expressed their dissatisfaction with management behaviour. † He added: â€Å"This dispute will be resolved by negotiation, not litigation or confrontation, and it is to negotiation that BA management should now apply itself†. The union is seeking immediate restoration of the concessions, binding arbitration for disciplinary cases and restoration of wages docked from staff who were sick during the strikes. BA said Unite did not have the support of the majority of cabin crew. â€Å"Of our 13,500 crew, only 43 per cent voted in favour of strike action in this ballot,† it said. | Unread (Ft. com)Union viewsBA management views| 21 January 2011| BA cabin crew vote for fresh strikesBritish Airways cabin crew have voted for further industrial action – but passengers were spared immediate disruption when the Unite trade union did not announce strike dates and called on BA to open negotiations. Len McCluskey, Unites general secretary designate, said BA management should wake up and listen, after nearly eight out of 10 crew members who took part in the ballot voted for strike action. Surely BA management must now wake up and listen to the voice of their skilled and dedicated employees. This dispute will be resolved by negotiation, not litigation or confrontation, and it is to negotiation that BA management should now apply itself. We are ready, he said. BA has pledged to operate 10 0% of its long-haul services in the event of any industrial action, having built up an auxiliary workforce of thousands of crew, including more than 500 retrained pilots. Those preparations have prompted Unite and its main cabin crew branch, Bassa, to delay announcing strike dates and plans for industrial action. BA cabin crew embarked on 22 days of strikes last year including walkouts in five-day blocks. Tactical discussions in recent weeks have looked at guerilla-style action though with no peace talks planned, conventional strikes have not been ruled out. Under trade union laws Unite must begin striking within 28 days, including seven days notice, which gives the union 21 days before it needs to announce dates. More than 10,000 crew members were balloted and 7,335 of them voted, representing a turnout of 75% in a poll over sanctions against crew who took part in strikes last year. A majority of 78. 5% voted for industrial action, a result described by McCluskey as overwhelming. The previous strike vote, in February last year, attracted a marginally higher turnout and majority. BA said the ballot result showed that Unite did not have the support of the majority of cabin crew, pointing to the fact that only 5,751 crew out of 13,500 flight attendants at BA voted in favour of industrial action. However, union sources said a more accurate comparison would be with the 10,220 crew who are actually Unite members. | Unread (The guardian)Union viewsBA management views| 21 Jan 2011| BA cabin crew vote for strikes now Unite should call actionBritish Airways cabin crew have voted by a fantastic 78. 5 percent for strikes on a 75 percent turnout. This is an even bigger vote than in the workers’ last ballot. Their Unite union must name the dates now and launch a militant programme of action that can win. BA bosses are waging war on cabin crew. Bullying boss Willie Walsh slashed jobs in November 2009. He has attacked pay, removed workers’ travel concessions and sacked leading union activists. BA’s ultimate aim is to destroy the union- that’s why this battle matters for the whole trade union movement. They’ve shown fantastic strength and determination throughout the dispute, taking 22 days of strikes and winning huge support from other workers. BA management have repeatedly shown themselves to be determined to break the militancy and organisation of cabin crew. It will be hard-hitting strikes that will make BA bosses listen. Crew should pile the pressure to demand that McCluskey calls a programme of strikes and throws the whole weight of the union behind the dispute. Unread ( Socialist Worker Online. (A revolutionary anti-capitalist paper I Britain)BA management views| 21 Mar 2010| Unite UnionThe Unite  trade union has urged  British Airways  to resume peace talks as cabin crews prepare to enter their third day of strike action with both sides clai ming to have landed blows in the disputeTony Woodley, called on BAs board to reopen negotiations over staffing cuts that broke up acrimoniously last week. BA is trying to restore a normal schedule when the strike ends at midnight tomorrow, but aircraft are now out of place around the globe, threatening more disruption, and a further four-day strike is due to begin on Saturday. I am now appealing to the BA chairman and sensible members of the board to use their influence, put passengers first and return to the negotiating table for the good of everyone, said Woodley. | Unite calls on BA to return to talks guardian. co. uk/business/2010/mar/21/ba-strike-unite-call-resume-negotiations| 24 Mar 2010| British AirwayBritish Airways has stripped striking cabin crew of their discounted travel perks as a further four-day strike looms this weekend. They would not be paid for the days they failed to turn up for duty, and confirming that, as warned, their access to the staff travel scheme will b e stopped from 14 April. A BA spokesperson added: Our cabin crew knew that if they took part in the strike they would lose their staff travel permanently. BA said yesterday that around 60% of its rostered cabin crew, or 3,000 employees, turned up for work over the three-day strike – implying that 2,000 joined the walkout in total. However, the Unite trade union, which is behind the dispute, has challenged those figures and claimed that they included staff on inbound long-haul services. 3,000 cabin crew turned up for work as normal during last weekends strike. BA employs around 13,500 flight attendants, of whom around 12,000 are Unite members. | Striking BA staff lose travel perks guardian. co. uk/business/2010/mar/24/british-airways-strike-travel| 25 Mar 2010  | British AirwayUnite had pledged to suspend a three-day strike last Saturday if the BA chief executive, Willie Walsh, reinstated a peace offer that had been withdrawn days before. His refusal to put the document back on the table, in apparent exasperation at the unions tactics, was highlighted in the academics letter, with 116 signatories. It is clear to us that the actions of the chief executive of British Airways, notwithstanding his protestations to the contrary, are explicable only by the desire to break the union which represents the cabin crew. Unites cabin crew branch, Bassa, represents 11,000 BA flight attendants and has called a further four-day strike starting on Saturday in what is now a prolonged industrial dispute with embarrassing political consequences for the Labour party, which relies on Unite as a major donor. British Airways trying to break Unite union guardian. co. uk/business/2010/mar/25/british-airways-accused-break-unite-union| 2 Apr 2010  | British AirwayAn article on the current cabin crew dispute between British Airway  and the Unite unions flight attendant branch Bassa, named Frank Burchill, a visiting professor at Strathclyde U niversity, as the author of what we described as a comprehensive guide to undermining Bassas current leadership. That information was incorrect. Professor Burchill was not commissioned to write, and did not produce or write this document. He had no involvement whatsoever in it. | BA told to hit union where it hurts guardian. co. k/theguardian/2010/apr/02/frank-burchill-apology| 28 Mar 2010  | Unite UnionUnited national officer, Steve Turner warned British Airways Passengers to expect further strikes after Easter unless there is a breakthrough in the bitter row over planned cuts that sparked further industrial action this weekend. Unite said it believed BA was grounding some flights so it could use pilots as cabin crew on other BA flights, a claim denied by the airline. | Unite warns disgraceful BA of more strikes guardian. co. uk/business/2010/mar/28/unite-british-airways-strike-threat| 29 Mar 2010  | Unite UnionUnited, is digging in for a battle of attrition with British Airway s after announcing that it is raising a ? 700,000 war chest for the cabin crew strikers. Unite is raising the fund through an unprecedented 2% levy on its 3,000 branches. The news came as BA confirmed that some cabin crew were being docked nearly a fortnights wages for taking part in the walkout, raising fears among Unite officials that union members will be starved into crossing picket lines if, as expected, the dispute drags on past Easter. The walkout, now in its sixth day, is adding to a long list of apparently irreconcilable issues between both sides. BA confirmed some strikers were being docked the equivalent of 12 days wages if they were rostered for a long-haul trip during the walkoutUnite, which is paying cabin crew ? 30 a day, has agreed to pay crew for the duration of their roster duty if they walked out on a long-haul shift. | Unite raises ? 700,000 for BA strike guardian. co. k/business/2010/mar/29/ba-cabin-crew-strike-fund| 10 Mar 2010  | British AirwayA walkout by 12,000 BA flight attendants could begin as soon as next Thursday. A source at Unites cabin crew branch, Bassa, said a walkout of at least 10 days would be consideredBA was s eriously considering a partial repeal of cuts to staffing levels on flights but wanted fewer crew back onboard than Unite has proposed. BA has been seeking ? 60m in annual cost savings from cabin crew. A strike could take place from next Thursday once Unite gives BA seven days notice of actionThe airline operates 650 flights a day with its 239-plane fleet, mostly from Heathrow, but has not said which routes would be kept open by the stand-in workforce. BA strike looms as talks break down guardian. co. uk/business/2010/mar/10/british-airways-strike-talks| 19 Mar 2010  | British AirwayThe dispute with cabin crew is about BAs plans to change working practices and pay. The first three-day strike is due to begin on Saturday, affecting over a thousand flights, with a second strike scheduled for 27 March. I believe Unite has made the wrong decision and misjudged the mood of our times, said British Airways chief executive Willie Walsh. My door remains open to Unite. The union is holding a rally for cabin crew staff at Sandown Park racecourse. | Last-ditch bid to end BA disputehttp://news. bbc. co. uk/2/hi/business/8574383. tm| 19 Mar 2010  | British AirwayBA threatened to suspend co-operation with Britains largest trade union after last-ditch talks failed to prevent a three-day strike by cabin crew starting today. Tonight an extensive strike-breaking plan moved into gear at BA as the airline prepared to move 65% of its passengers over the next three days with a workforce of 1,000 volunteer cabin crew and 22 chartered jets, including three Ryanair planes complete with no-frills flight attendants. BA cabin crew have also called a further, four-day strike from 27 March if there is still no agreement by the end of next week. The first BA cabin crew strike since 1997 begins tomorrow morning after talks between Willie Walsh, BA chief executive, and Tony Woodley, joint general ecretary of Unite, collapsed in acrimony this afternoon| British Airways declares war on union after talks fail guardian. co. uk/business/2010/mar/19/ba-strike-dates-union-talks| 25 Jan 2010  | Unite UnionBritish Airways  could be reduced to operating only a few flights during a cabin crew walkout after claims that its strike-breaking workforce has just 216 volunteers. The  Unite  trade union said that a programme to retrain employees as air stewards during industrial action would replace less than 2% of the airlines cabin crew. The recruitment initiative, which Unite has condemned as a scab labour drive, began yesterday as about 12,000 cabin crew started voting on a walkout over staff cuts. BA has told staff with no flying experience they can qualify as cabin crew within three weeks, with pilots able to meet safety standards within five days. The airline has admitted that the emphasis will be on safety rather than customer service, and temporary crew will give passengers a simple in-flight experience| Union claims BA has too few scabs guardian. co. uk/business/2010/jan/25/ba-strikebreakers-cabin-crew-protest| 22 Feb 2010  | British Airways The poll saw 81% of cabin crew backing strike action in  a row over staffing cuts and proposed changes to working conditions, on a turnout of 79%. The Unite union did not announce any strike dates, but a walkout can be staged within 28 days. A walkout by cabin crew is likely to ground most of BAs operations, although BA is training hundreds of auxiliary crew after calling for volunteers from its 38,000 workforce. BA operates 650 flights daily, carrying around 80,000 passengers. BA unilaterally reduced cabin crew on long-haul flights by at least one person to reduce costs at an airline that posted a pre-tax loss of ? 401m last year. | BA cabin crew vote to strike guardian. co. uk/business/2010/feb/22/ba-cabin-crew-vote-strike| ;BA -76;23 Feb 2010  | Cabin CrewBA has pursued a dual strategy of attempting to pile on the pressure to intimidate the cabin crew members into not voting to strike, on the one hand, and to undermine the effectiveness of any strike on the other. The anger BA staff feel is based on the unilateral imposition of the changes, the nature of the changes themselves and now the bully-boy tactics of company over the strike vote. | BA cabin crew stand up to intimidatory tactics | Gregor Gall guardian. co. uk/commentisfree/2010/feb/23/britishairways-tradeunions| 15 Mar 2010  | Cabin CrewIt is wrong that BA cabin crew get paid more than colleagues at other airlines. According to that argument, competition among staff means levelling down pay, while boardroom competition means levelling it up. And cabin crew bear no responsibility for BAs difficulties, and should not be singled out to pay for them. It was not cabin crew who organised the fuel price-fixing racket which has cost BA hundreds of millions in fines. The airlines reputation for dirty tricks? Not cabin crew but management. | Dont blame British Airways cabin crew | Len McCluskey guardian. co. uk/commentisfree/2010/mar/15/ba-strike-unite-willie-walsh| 17 Dec 2009| Cabin CrewThe high court has blocked  the 12-day Christmas walkout by British Airways cabin crew  after ruling that the strike ballot was illegal. The decision means nearly a million BA passengers can complete their journeys as planned over Christmas unless there are wildcat walkouts by the 12,700 cabin crew who supported industrial action. The dramatic intervention is a humiliation for the Unite union, which had considered delaying the announcement of a massive walkout earlier this week after receiving repeated warnings from BA executives that the vote was invalid. The high court confirmed those fears by granting BAs request for an injunction against the strike after around 900 cabin crew were balloted despite taking voluntary redundancy. | BA strike blocked by high court guardian. co. uk/business/2009/dec/17/court-blocks-british-airways-strike| 17 Dec 2009| British Airways The basic democratic right to withdraw own labour, underpinned by a 92% yes vote on an 80% turnout. In this case, theres not the slightest question that those mistakenly balloted half-way through taking redundancy could have changed the result. Instead, Mrs Justice Cox has made a transparently political decision to skew the balance of power still further in favour of BAs recklessly incompetent management. | BA strike judgment is blatantly political guardian. co. uk/commentisfree/2009/dec/17/ba-strike-injunction| 11 Nov 2010| Cabin CrewVote shelved as Unite unions cabin crew branch decides it cannot accept proposed deal to end strikeâ€Å"However, the Unite branch representing about 10,000 flight attendants, the British Airlines Stewards and Stewardesses Association (Bassa), made it clear it could not support the deal. The joint leader of Unite, Tony Woodley, said it made no sense to offer the deal to members over the heads of unwilling representatives. He added: Under these circumstances I have suspended the ballot on the offer and will meet with all of our cabin crew representatives as a matter of urgency to consider the next steps. | British Airways dispute continues as cabin crew ballot suspended guardian. co. uk/business/2010/nov/11/british-airways-cabin-crew-ballot-suspended| 11 Nov 2010| British AirwaysA plan to end a bitter, long-running dispute between British Airways and its cabin crew has collapsed. BA said the deal on offer was fair and reasonable. The airlines cabin crew workers have staged 22 days of strike action since March, costing the airline ? 150m. When the dispute began in November last year, it centred on changes to staffing levels, pay and working conditions. However, Unite has since said that the core issues are the removal of the travel concessions and the implementation of disciplinary sanctions against its members since March. BA reported earlier this month that its passenger numbers in September were 1. 3% higher than a year earlier. However, its total traffic for the year to date is still down on a year ago, following the strike action and Aprils volcanic ash cloud which grounded flights across Europe. | BA peace deal with crew collapses bbc. co. uk/news/business-11737454| 7 Nov 2010| British AirwaysAirlines security staff found to have photographed employees home and car as part of internal disciplinary caseBA security staff have photographed an employees home and car as part of one disciplinary case. One employee in the group, a former police detective, confirmed in a witness statement for a BA disciplinary hearing that he and a colleague travelled to a flight attendants house in Slough on 23 March this year and photographed their house and car. The crew dispute has led to at least 13 sackings and 60 suspensions, including senior shop stewards, for a range of alleged misdemeanours. The cases include 15 crew who used Facebook and private emails to discuss a list of strikebreakers and two shop stewards who were suspended following a clash over representing members in disciplinary cases. BA has drawn up a disciplinary process for cases associated with the industrial action. Guidelines for the Leiden room disciplinary unit, named after the room at BA headquarters where cases are processed, cite three types of transgresser in disciplinary incidents related to the strikes: bystanders, encouragers and contributors. | British Airways draw up new discipline rules as union prepares ballot guardian. co. uk/business/2010/nov/07/british-airways-disciplinary-rules-ballot| 31 Oct 2010| British AirwaysCabin crew to vote on British Airways latest offer with further strike action the only alternative to accepting the dealAbout 10,000 crew affiliated with the Unite trade union are preparing to vote on an offer that could finish a year-long row with the airline. Unites largest cabin crew branch, Bassa, said in an email to members that the only alternative to the deal was strike action. The BA offer sets out a framework for restoring staff travel to the estimated 6,700 crew who took part in 22 days of strike action this year, as well as allowing the Acas conciliation service to mediate disciplinary cases. | British Airways offer probably best available, says union guardian. co. uk/business/2010/oct/31/ba-offer-finds-union-favour| 24 Oct 2010| Unite UnionPoll could shift centre ground of trade union movementMembers of the countrys biggest trade union will begin voting tomorrow to choose a new leader in an election that could have profound consequences for the looming battle between the government and the nations workforce over its spending cuts. The winner will take over from Tony Woodley and Derek Simpson, who have been joint general secretaries since Unite was formed through a merger of the Transport and General Workers Union and Amicus in 2007. | Voting begins in crucial battle for Unite union leadership guardian. co. uk/politics/2010/oct/24/voting-begins-unite-union-leadership| 20 Oct 2010| Cabin CrewUnite union to poll around 10,000 flight attendantsAirline believed to have shifted on disciplinary actionSpeaking this week at the annual convention of the Association of British Travel Agents, Walsh said it was entirely Unites fault that a settlement had not been reached in a dispute that originated in a reduction of crew numbers on BA flights in the wake of a voluntary redundancy programme. Walsh said: In the past I have seen managers and businesses ignore issues and back down in the face of industrial action. We are not going to do that. Walsh added that BA had robust contingency plans and would operate 100% of its long-haul services if there were further strikes. | British Airways strike: crew vote on peace deal guardian. co. uk/business/2010/oct/20/british-airways-strike-crew-vote-deal| 20 Oct 2010| British AirwaysSources say Unite to put proposal to British Airways union members which could end year-long row over cost cuttingTony Woodley, joint leader of Unite, said yesterday that the BA row was the most testing industrial dispute of his career. Unite members took 22 days of strike action earlier this year, causing travel chaos for passengers and costing BA more than ? 150m. The dispute started just over a year ago after BA announced a series of cost-cutting moves, including a reduction in the number of cabin crew. As part of any deal to end the dispute, Unite has been urging BA to restore the travel concessions and stop taking disciplinary action. | BA staff to vote on deal to end strikes guardian. co. uk/business/2010/oct/20/ba-cabin-crew-vote-dispute| 20 Oct 2010| Unite ; British AirwaysBritish Airways cabin crews are to be balloted on a new deal that could end their long-running industrial dispute. The new offer was reached in talks between BA chief executive Willie Walsh and Unite joint leader Tony Woodley. The union has been pressing for the restoration of travel concessions removed from members who went on strike earlier in the year. BA said that its offer, based on its previous proposals, was very fair and reasonable. | BA crew face ballot on new deal bbc. co. uk/news/business-11582609 | 19 Sep 2010| Unite UnionThe Unite union will lodge an appeal in the high court this week over BA withdrawing travel concessions from 7,000 membersBA reduced crew numbers on long-haul flights from last November after the High Court in London refused an application from Unite for an injunction against the changes. Unite takes BA back to court | Politics | The Guardian guardian. co. uk/politics/2010/sep/19/unite-court-ba-airline-dispute | 10 Oct 2010| Unite ; British AirwaysUnion and BA boss Willie Walsh discuss proposals to end long-running dispute with airlines cabin crewUnite and its main c abin crew branch, Bassa, argue that the staff travel move is tantamount to punishment for exercising the right to strike. Walsh, in turn, has stated that the travel concessions are for those who show loyalty to the company. Walsh has pledged to operate 100% of BAs long-haul services from Heathrow in the event of further strikes, alongside a full complement of services at Gatwick and City airports. Walsh, a former shop steward himself, has dismissed the union-breaking claims as nonsense and pointed to a recent deal with Unite-affiliated customer services staff as proof that other sections of the organisation are willing to co-operate in cost-cutting plans. | British Airways and Unite meet at Acas to head off new strike | Business | The Observer guardian. co. uk/business/2010/oct/10/unite-talks-british-airways-cabin-crew | 11 Oct 2010| Unite ; British AirwaysWillie Walsh says the Unite union wants to bring the long-running dispute to an end, after the two sides met at Acas last week| BA chief raises hopes of peace deal guardian. co. k/business/2010/oct/11/ba-strike-airline-raises-hopes-peace | 27 June 2010| Unite UnionMove comes as BA manager claims dispute is driven by desire to break the union and that climate of fear pervades airlineWoodley warned today that he could not recommend the BA proposal to members because it did not fully reinstate the staff travel perks stripped fr om strikers who joined walkouts in March. The proposal makes some concessions – offering cabin crew a minimum allowance for food and drink, rather than a flat fee. However, it does not reverse the staffing cuts that triggered the dispute last year. Woodley indicated the offer would have been accepted had it reinstated staff travel. The fact that the travel is not back in full makes the possibility of a recommendation nil. It makes the certainty of a yes uncertain, he said. BA said: We believe our offer is fair and reasonable and provides a genuine opportunity to end this dispute. | Unite to delay BA cabin crew ballot guardian. co. k/politics/2010/jun/27/unite-union-ba-strike-ballot | 12 June 2010| ACASA new set of proposals to end the British Airways (BA) industrial dispute has been unveiled by the arbitration service Acas. | New proposals to end BA dispute bbc. co. uk/news/10301298 | 27 May 2010| European CourtRecent decisions by the European court of human rights may force the British government to protect strikers rightsPress reports suggest that a major sticking point to a settlement in the BA cabin crew dispute continues to be the companys refusal to restore staff travel perks. If true, this could (a) reveal an extraordinary lapse on the part of the company and (b) expose an extraordinary oversight on the part of the government in relation to its legal obligations. BA cabin crew may be able to seek compensation in Strasbourg for the losses they have suffered as a result of the companys conduct. This means that the taxpayer would end up having to pay for the companys actions. But second, it means that British law may have to be changed in line with the emerging body of case law to enable British workers to enforce their human rights in the British courts. Under British law, workers have protection only from dismissal (for 12 weeks) when they take part in lawful industrial action. They have no statutory protection against punitive and vindictive action short of dismissal, such as the cutting of benefits that are claimed to be noncontractual. | Will Europe save the BA strikers? | Keith Ewing guardian. co. k/commentisfree/2010/may/27/will-europe-save-ba-strikers | 18 May 2010| British AirwaysUnite has had to jump through so many hoops put in its way by lawmakers intent on restricting its democratic right to strikeBA won its injunction to stop the p lanned series of strikes that were due to start at one minute into Tuesday 18 May. Second time in six months that BA has gone to the high court seeking an injunction. Its not just that the judge sitting in the high court has taken BAs side on both occasions. And, its not just that Unite members have voted by large margins in two successive ballots to take strike action. Its also that BA won this injunction on a technicality. | BA victory is an affront to justice | Gregor Gall guardian. co. k/commentisfree/2010/may/18/ba-victory-affront-justice | 26 May 2010| Unite ; British AirwaysNew strike vote imminent before holding talks with BAs chief executive, Willie WalshIf BA fully reinstates the travel scheme for strikers, Unite has offered to suspend the three waves that started on Monday and are due to continue from May 30 to June 3 and June 5 -9, the last strike ending just days before the start of the World Cup in South Africa. BA said today that it hoped to run 70% of its long-haul s ervices from Heathrow next week, compared with 60% currently, because of the numbers of cabin crew reporting for work. Woodley believes the broad outline of a deal to lower costs has been thrashed out but Walsh wants guarantees that Unite and its main cabin crew branch Bassa will support the proposal if it is put to 11,000 flight attendants in a vote. | Unite and BA talks to resume on Friday guardian. co. uk/business/2010/may/26/unite-union-ba-strike-talks | Fri 21 Jan 2011| BA cabin crew vote for strikes now Unite should call actionBritish Airways cabin crew have voted by a fantastic 78. 5 percent for strikes on a 75 percent turnout. Bullying boss Willie Walsh slashed jobs in November 2009. He has attacked pay, removed workers’ travel concessions and sacked leading union activists. | SOCIALIST WORKER. COMCREW| Friday 21 January 2011| British Airways cabin crew plan new tactics for industrial actionBA passengers could be spared immediate disruption even if cabin crew vote for industrial action at the airline today. It’s understood that the Unite trade union will not announce lengthy walkouts if the result of a strike ballot, due this afternoon, returns a new mandate. BAs chief executive, Willie Walsh, has pledged to operate 100% of the airlines long-haul schedule at Heathrow, Gatwick and City airports, which would neutralise the effect of walkouts by staff. Union sources have acknowledged that the dispute has entered a different phase, with BA able to call on thousands of volunteer cabin crew, including more than 500 pilots who have retrained as flight attendants. | guardian. co. ukPUBLIC| Thursday 20 January 2011| British Airways strike: time to grow upBritish Airways cabin crew will announce the result of yet another ballot for strike action tomorrow. Most commentators seem to think that they will again vote in favour – but this time there will be fewer taking part in the ballot and possibly a smaller majority. For the sake of the passengers, shareholders and all the staff, both union and management must seek an adult end to this dispute. They must both realise that key workgroups cannot be both bullied and expected to deliver either loyalty or excellent customer service. They must both realise that the problem has not gone away with any of the solutions so far suggested – in reducing crew complements by one, it is not the cost of supplying the service which has been reduced, but the level of service itself. | guardian. co. kPUBLIC| Tue 11 Jan 2011 * | British Airways cabin crew hold defiant mass meeting 15Jan11 Socialist Worker1500 British Airways (BA) cabin crew packed into a union meeting at Kempton Park racecourse on Monday of this week. Cabin crew are currently balloting for fresh strikes over a range of attacks from their bosses. The ballot ends on Friday of next week. Workers haven’t struck since June in their ongoing dispute with bullying boss Willie Walsh. But they remain in fighting mood. Before any speeches began, crew were chanting, â€Å"Willie, Willie, Willie- Out, Out, Out! †| SOCIALIST WORKER. COMCREW | Thursday 17 December 2009| BA strike injunction could leave Walsh the winnerA bad day for democracy, said the Unite union after the high court blocked the planned 12-day strike by cabin crew at British Airways. | guardian. co. kMANAGEMENT| Friday, 18 December 2009| British Airways union Unite to call new strike voteBritish Airways (BA) cabin crew will be balloted again on industrial action after a planned Christmas strike was declared illegal by the High Court. The 12-day strike was called in protest over changes to working practices. But the judge agreed with BA that Unite had not correctly balloted its members, forcing it to cancel the action. The ballot included people who had left the company or were about to, and so was judged invalid. | BBC. CO. UKMANAGEMENT| Wednesday, 6 Jan 2010| British Airways to hold fresh talks with unionBritish Airways is to hold fresh talks with its main union in a bid to avert the renewed threat of strike action by cabin crew. Unite said it and the airline had agreed to meet in the coming days to try to find a negotiated settlement to the row over jobs, pay and conditions. The announcement comes after a High Court judge ordered Unite to call off a planned 12-day walkout over Christmas. This prompted Unite to say it would hold a fresh ballot on strike action. | BBC. CO. UKUNION| Tuesday 30 June 2009| British Airways fails to agree deal with unions on pay and conditionsBritish Airways has failed to meet its self-imposed deadline to secure an agreement on pay and conditions for its 40,000 staff after trade union officials adjourned talks on a two-year pay freeze and 4,000 redundancies. Both unions argue that the recession is a cyclical phenomenon that should not be used by BA as an opportunity to drive through permanent changes and a wholesale restructuring of the business. However, BAs pilots have already accepted Walshs warning and have signed up to a 2. 6% pay cut in an agreement that will save the airline ? 26m. | guardian. co. ukUNION | Tuesday 30 June 2009| British Airways seeks pay freezeBritish Airways wants staff to accept a two-year pay freeze, according to documents seen by the BBC. The company had already announced it was looking for 3,000 redundancies among crew and administrative staff. Talks between unions and management to agree on cost savings were adjourned earlier and should resume on Wednesday. BA is struggling as the economic downturn continues to hurt its business. It recently asked staff to work for nothing to save money. BA is also pushing for significant changes in working conditions. | BBC. CO. UKMANAGEMENT| Sunday 28 June 2009| Union resists prostituting agreements as BA pushes for pay dealLoss-making airline seeks redundancies and drastic changes to conditions but Unite is determined not to retreat too farWillie Walsh, BAs chief executive, has demanded an agreement by Tuesday after warning that there needs to be urgency around the discussions we are having. BA is making heavy losses, burning through cash at nearly ? 3m a day and posting ? 401m deficit last year. BA has told cabin crew that it wants up to 2,000 voluntary